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You are here: Home / PDFs on demand / Bibliographical References of PDFs on demand / Model-based interpretation of sediment concentration and vertical flux measurements in a shallow estuarine environment

Andreas Brand, Jessica Lacy, Steve Gladding, Rusty Holleman and Mark Stacey (2015)

Model-based interpretation of sediment concentration and vertical flux measurements in a shallow estuarine environment

Limnology and Oceanography, 60(2):463-481.

A one-dimensional numerical model describing tidally varying vertical mixing and settling was used to interpret sediment concentrations and vertical fluxes observed in the shoals of South San Francisco Bay by two acoustic Doppler velocimeters (ADVs) at elevations of 0.36 m and 0.72 m above bed. Measured sediment concentrations changed by up to 100 g m(-3) over the semidiurnal tidal cycle. These dynamics were dominated by local resuspension and settling. Multiple particle class models suggested the existence of a class with fast settling velocities (w(s) of 9.0 x 10(-4) m s(-1) in spring and 5.8 x 10(-4) m s(-1) in fall) and a slowly settling particle fraction (w(s) of 1 x 10(-7) m s(-1) in spring and 1.4 x 10(-5) m s(-1) in fall). Modeled concentrations of slowly settling particles at 0.36 m were as high as 20 g m(-3) during fall and varied with the spring-neap cycle while fine sediment concentrations in spring were constant around 5 g m(-3). Analysis of in situ water column floc size distributions suggested that floc properties in the lower part of the water column were most likely governed by particle-size distribution on the bed and not by coagulation, validating our multiple particle size approach. A comparison of different sediment bed models with respect to model performance, sensitivity, and identifiability suggested that the use of a sediment erosion model linear in bottom shear stress tau(b) (E = M (tau(b) - tau(c))) was the most appropriate choice to describe the field observations when the critical shear stress tau(c) and the proportionality factor M were kept constant.

in-situ, time scales, suspended-sediment, cohesive sediment, resuspension, san-francisco bay, california, settling velocity, continental-shelf, fine sediments
WOS:000351126500010
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