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C. Bachraty, P. Legendre and D. Desbruyeres (2009)

Biogeographic relationships among deep-sea hydrothermal vent faunas at global scale

Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers, 56(8):1371-1378.

The discovery of deep-sea hydrothermal vent fauna, kilometres deep in the oceans, is a great achievement of 20th-century marine biology. The deep-sea hydrothermal food web does not directly depend on the sun's energy. Vent communities rely primarily on trophic associations between chemoautotrophic bacteria and consumers A small. number of endemic taxa are adapted to the inhospitable vent environments that are distributed along ridge crests. Where these vent communities originated and how they dispersed are among the important questions ecologists must answer. Here, by statistical analysis of the most comprehensive database ever assembled about deep-sea hydrothermal fauna, we delineate six major hydrothermal provinces in the world ocean and identify seven possible dispersal pathways between adjacent provinces. Our model suggests that the East-Pacific Rise may have played a pivotal role as a centre of dispersal for the hydrothermal fauna. Our data-driven conclusion will have to be tested by phylogenetic studies and completed by surveys of less-explored fields. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Minimum spanning tree, biology, ecology, Multivariate regression tree, evolution, Biogeographic provinces, Coefficients of dispersal direction, Deep-sea hydrothermal vent communities, dispersal, Centre of dispersal, mid-atlantic ridge, patterns, pacific, communities, seeps
WOS:000268088700011
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